Environmental Ethics in The Modern Society

by Heather Adams

in Environment,Ethics

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Ethics literally comes peoples perceptions, attitudes and behavior. Decision making is very perceptual including l) favourite formations (of players or arguments); 2) empirical investigation of these (with maximum and minimum expectations); which leads to a progressive understanding of perspective.

The term “environmental ethics” is a very recent phenomenon although there are a lot of particular concerns or philosophical threads have been developing for several centuries. In other words, environmental ethics is a collection of independent ethical generalizations, not a tight, rationally ordered set of rules.

Environmental ethics today encompasses a diverse which includes:

  • Animal rights
  • The Land Ethic
  • Ecofeminism
  • Deep Ecology
  • Shallow Ecology
  • The rights of rocks, and so forth
  • Bioethics

There are various things that we can consider in environmental ethics in this modern days. We can think of problems that involve the whole world and the one which involve a single person. We can think of global problems for example the depletion of the ozone layer which is increasing UV radiation – affecting all living organisms. This problem can be solved by individual action to stop using ozone-depleting chemicals and alternatives for consumers.

Another problem that we should consider is greenhouse warming which results mostly from energy use. This problem can be solved by reducing the energy we use. We can do this by turning off lights, turning down heaters and air conditioners, building more energy efficient buildings and rely less on polluting vehicles. Energy consumption can be reduced about 50-80% through lifestyle change with the aid of current technology.

Environmental ethicists as well as policy-makers always mention about the need for preservation of various parts of nature and this matter consists of two elements which are:

  1. Our moral responsibilities to future human beings (sometimes called sustainable development) require that we stop using technology and science for short-term gains at the expense of long-term risks of very negative ecological effects for future people.
  2. Natural systems possess a value in themselves which makes them worth preserving also at the expense of human well-being and man-made constructs.

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